Bee Varieties Assortment
Regarding 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was indeed stuck in Calanques Federal Park thru one another websites and you can pan pitfall choices. It belonged so you can half a dozen group and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae is the essential kinds-steeped family unit members, with Apidae and you can Halictidae, that have 53, forty two, and you may 43 kinds, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 try brand new wealthiest genus, that have 33 varieties, while 7 genera was basically represented by the just one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step one [on the web simply] ). With the jackknife step one and you can dos indexes, the full bee variety richness try estimated becoming between ± 9.89 and ± . The fresh seen fullness for this reason illustrated 71.step 3 so you can 79.6% of your estimated bee richness ( Dining table dos). The fresh Chao1 approach projected this new noticed richness getting 76.8% of your own prospective restrict richness ( Desk 2). More abundant kinds are Apis mellifera L. (276 people), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 somebody, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 individuals). Ultimately, fifty varieties (26%) was basically depicted because of the only one private (singletons).
Environmental Characteristics away from Bees
Regarding your ecological faculties regarding nesting needs, i known 59 solitary bee variety nesting above ground, ninety five solitary bee varieties nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic types, add up to 29.eight, 47.nine, and you may 12.0% of your overall bee kinds fullness, respectively. I imagined four societal species (bumble bees and you will honey bees-2.1%). Finally, new nesting needs off fourteen kinds remain not familiar (eight.3%- Supp Table step 1 [on the web merely] ). About your flowery eating plan away from bee kinds, we discovered that 105 species (54.7%) foraged into the a variety of bush species (we.e., generalist types, polylectic) and you can 51 variety (26.5%) foraged using one plant household members otherwise one/few plant kinds (i.elizabeth., expert types, oligolectic). To the leftover thirty-six bee varieties (18.8%), brand new floral diet was not identified (elizabeth.grams., to own cleptoparasitic variety). But not, extremely generalist types displayed a desires for example otherwise a few bush household ( Supp Dining table step one [on the web just] ). On the 49 singletons, fourteen bee types (28%) was in fact professionals, and nine bee species (18%) was basically cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step 1 [online only] ).
An enthusiastic IUCN updates is actually readily available for 178 species (leaving out new variety complexes and you may not known variety). One of those, 47 types was basically classified as analysis lacking (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 variety had been the very least concerned (LC-69.6%), half a dozen species had been close threatened (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another kinds are thought threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table step 1 [on the web merely] ). Around three oligolectic varieties had been among the seven endangered bee varieties. A great. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus was experts into Fabaceae, D. argentata try a specialist to the Caprifoliaceae.
Away from 2009 so you can 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was stuck from inside the Calanques Federal Park. They belonged in order to 24 genera ( Supp Table dos [online just] ). Probably the most plentiful genera were Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 someone), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen individuals), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville when you look at the Latreille, 1828 (13 individuals), while 20 varieties (53%) have been illustrated because of the one private ( Supp Dining table dos [on the web only] ). This new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was represented by the 20 variety, plus four singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table 3 [online just] ). Brand new quote away from overall types richness away from hover flies and you will bee flies are anywhere between 83 and you can 97 varieties using the jackknife step 1 and 2 spiders, respectively. Consequently, this new observed fullness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of estimated hover fly and bee travel richness ( Dining table dos).